Simnel, Lambert

(c. 1475–c. 1525)
   Lambert Simnel, a boy of obscure origins, impersonated Edward PLANTAGENET, earl of Warwick, as part of the first major effort to overthrow HENRY VII and restore the house of YORK.
   Little is known of Simnel, whose very name may have been an invention. The official account of Simnel’s background, as given later by Polydore Vergil in his ANGLICA HISTORIA, claimed that he was the son of Thomas Simnel of Oxford, who was variously described as a baker, joiner, or shoemaker. About 1486, a priest named Richard (or William) Simonds conceived a plan to pass off Simnel, who was apparently an attractive and intelligent youth, as one of the sons of EDWARD IV, who had disappeared in the TOWER OF LONDON in 1483. However, upon hearing a rumor that Warwick had escaped from captivity, Simonds took Simnel to IRELAND, which was strongly Yorkist, and declared him to be the earl and rightful king of England. Gerald FITZGERALD, earl of Kildare, the Irish lord deputy, allowed himself to be persuaded that Simnel was Warwick, while Yorkists in England and abroad also accepted the imposture. MARGARET OF YORK, duchess of BURGUNDY and sister of Edward IV, formally recognized Simnel as her nephew and dispatched to Ireland a body of German MERCENARIES. Francis LOVELL, Lord Lovell, a former confidant of RICHARD III, traveled to Ireland from Burgundy, and John de la POLE, earl of Lincoln, another nephew of Margaret’s and heir apparent to Richard III, slipped across the Irish Sea to Dublin. Because all were probably aware that Simnel was an impostor, the Yorkist leaders likely planned to use the movement that had formed around him to eventually put Lincoln on the throne.
   To meet the growing threat, Henry VII had the real Warwick paraded through the streets of LONDON. The king also banished his motherinlaw, ELIZABETHWOODVILLE, wife of Edward IV, to a nunnery, perhaps because he had learned of her involvement in the Simnel enterprise. On 24 May 1487, Simnel was crowned in Dublin as “Edward VI”; the Irish government accepted his authority, and coins and proclamations were issued in his name. On 4 June, Simnel crossed to England accompanied by Simonds, his chief Yorkist supporters, and his force of German and Irish mercenaries. Enlarged by the retinues of various Yorkist gentleman, Simnel’s army encountered the king’s forces on 16 June. After a stiff three-hour fight, the Battle of STOKE ended in the deaths of Lincoln and Lovell and the captures of Simonds and Simnel. While the former was imprisoned for life, the latter was pardoned. To emphasize Simnel’s unimportance and low birth, Henry supposedly sent the boy to serve in the royal kitchens. Little is known of the remainder of Simnel’s life; he appears to have been employed for a time as a royal falconer and to have later transferred out of royal service. He probably died about 1525, although some accounts have him living into the early 1530s.
   See also Warbeck, Perkin; Yorkist Heirs (after 1485)
   Further Reading: Bennett, Michael J., Lambert Simnel and the Battle of Stoke (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1987).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Simnel, Lambert — ▪ English pretender Simnel also spelled  Symnell   born c. 1475 died 1535?       impostor and claimant to the English crown, the son of an Oxford joiner, who was a pawn in the conspiracies to restore the Yorkist line after the victory of Henry… …   Universalium

  • Simnel — Lambert Simnel (* um 1477; † um 1534) war ein Hochstapler, der behauptete, englischer König zu sein. Zusammen mit Perkin Warbeck war er einer von zwei Betrügern, die die Herrschaft von Heinrich VII. von England (regierte 1485 1509) im letzten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lambert Simnel — [Lambert Simnel] (c. 1475–1525) a man who pretended that he had the right to be the king of England during the ↑Wars of the Roses. He was persuaded by supporters of the House of ↑York to pretend to be the Earl of Warwick, whose uncle was ↑Richard …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lambert Simnel — (c. 1477 ndash; c. 1525) was a child pretender to the throne of England. He and Perkin Warbeck were two impostors who threatened the rule of King Henry VII (reigned 1485 ndash;1509) during the last part of the 15th century.Lambert Simnel was born …   Wikipedia

  • Lambert Simnel — (vers 1477 vers 1525) était un enfant dont on fit un prétendant au trône d Angleterre. Avec Perkin Warbeck, il fut un des deux imposteurs qui menacèrent le trône du roi Henry VII (1485 1509) pendant la dernière partie du XVe siècle. Lambert… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lambert Simnel — (* um 1477; † um 1534) war ein Hochstapler, der behauptete, englischer König zu sein. Zusammen mit Perkin Warbeck war er einer von zwei Betrügern, die die Herrschaft von Heinrich VII. von England (regierte 1485 1509) im letzten Jahrzehnt des 15.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lambert Simnel — (ca. 1477 ca. 1525) fue un pretendiente al trono de Inglaterra. Su afirmación de ser Eduardo Plantagenet en 1487 constituyó una amenaza para el gobierno recién establecido por Enrique VII. Primeros años Simnel nació en torno a 1477. Se desconoce… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Simnel cake — is a light fruit cake, similar to a Christmas cake, covered in marzipan, and eaten at Easter in the UK and Ireland. A layer of marzipan or almond paste is also baked into the middle of the cake. On the top of the cake, around the edge, are eleven …   Wikipedia

  • Lambert — may refer to*Lambert of Maastricht, bishop, saint, and martyr *Lambert of St Bertin or Lambert of St Omer, medieval encyclopedist *Lambert Mieszkowic, son of Mieszko I of Poland *Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar, Editor and Lexicographer. (1870… …   Wikipedia

  • Lambert (Name) — Lambert ist die niederdeutsche Form des Personennamens Landberht, ahd. land = Heimat, Eigen(Land); beraht = strahlend, glänzend, stolz).[1] Varianten Lambrecht, Lamprecht Lantpert Lampert Lamport Lambertus latinisierte Form Lamberta, weibliche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.